The Kangal dog is the most famous of the Turkish sheepdog breeds. It is a giant of a dog, with a personality to match. Fearless and rugged when guarding flocks against predators out on the pastures. Patient and loyal when protecting its family. This is a superior watchdog, simultaneously intelligent and endearing.
The Kangal dog is considered by many to be the Turkish national dog. The Turkish people claim that this breed is descendant of the early mastiff-type dogs depicted in Assyrian art. The relative isolation of the region from where the Kangal originates means that this breed of dog is free of cross-breeding.
The result: a natural breed that is uniform in appearance, temperament, and behavior. In more recent history, the breed has enjoyed much success in protecting livestock from attacks by cheetah and similar predators in Namibia and South Africa. This project has seen a drastic reduction in cheetah killings by the farmers as well as a significant decrease in the loss of livestock from these farms. Cheetahs are non-confrontational animals, so they would rather hunt their natural prey than taking on a Kangal!
It was initially believed that the shepherd dogs of Turkey all fell into one breed category. This is not so. The Akbash dog, Kangal dog, and Anatolian shepherd are all individual breeds officially recognized by the Turkish Kennel Club. The Akbash dogs have a white head, while the other two breeds are known for their black-masked faces. These are massive, sturdily built, athletic dogs.
They have a black masked face. The rest of the body is one color, anything from dun to steel-gray is acceptable.
These dogs have a short and dense double coat. Kangal shepherds have massive heads borne by strong shoulders and slightly arched, muscular and powerful necks.
Their strong jaw has either a level or a scissor bite. There is some dewlap extra skin folds on the neck.
This is to allow the dog a range of movement of the head and neck despite being gripped at the neck by a foe. The body is powerful and muscular and they have a deep chest with well-sprung ribs. The eyes of these dogs range in color from golden to brown. They are quite round, are set well apart and deep in the skull. Their ears are medium-sized and triangular with rounded tips which lie flat on the skull and are carried pendant.
A quirky characteristic of the Kangal dogs is their tail. They have long, fluffy tails with a kink in the end. When the dog is relaxed, the tail carries low with a slight curl. These dogs tip the scales at almost pounds! Adult females weigh between 90 and pounds 41 kg. They have a height of 28 — 30 inches 72 — 77 cmmeasured at the shoulder.
The Kangal Dog Breed: A Guard Dog Par Excellence!
The adult male dogs are both taller and heavier. They have a shoulder height of between 30 and 32 inches 77 — 86 cm. They weigh in at — pounds 50 — 66 kg. As cute as they are when they are puppies, you need to bear in mind that one day, that pup is going to be a whole lot of dog! Deciding to bring a pup like this into your life requires careful consideration.Taller and imposing than most dogs, these dogs tend to be great to work around livestock and can even be friendly towards children.
The Kangal dog is a large dog with a heavy bone structure. Its size has developed as a result of its use as a working dog, particularly in Turkey.
The dog tends to be longer than it is tall, with a typically curved tail. The Kangal dog has a short, dense double-coat that serves several purposes. First of all, it is thick enough to protect these dogs from predator bites, such as when they fight with a wolf. The coat is usually a light dun to gray color, and the dog has a black mask and ears.
Their coat also serves to help them regulate their temperature, keeping cool when the weather is warm and warm enough when the weather is cooler. Kangal dogs have the strongest bite force of any dogs. In addition to having an incredible bite force, Kangal dogs are fast dogs. They can run up to 30 miles per hour or 50 kilometers per hour. Kangal dogs are very large breed dogs, getting to be up to about pounds. Typically dogs that large have short life spans, but the Kangal can actually live up to around 15 years of age.
Kangal dogs are generally rather intelligent pups. They learn to guard cattle and other livestock, often learning from their parents when they are about 2 years old. They typically work in pairs or small groups to patrol the herd and keep them safe. The Kangal dog breed was largely developed in Turkey. It is an ancient flock-guarded dog breed that may be related to the dogs pictured in Assyrian art.
The dogs likely originated in the Kangal District of Sivas Province in the central area of Turkey, and that is what this dog breed has been named for. The dogs have been associated with a family of large landholders, the Aga of Kangal, but villagers have long bred the dogs as well and may be the primary breeders of the Kangal dogs. They use them to protect their flocks of sheep and goats from predators such as wolves.Last Updated on September 3rd, Kangal, turkish kangal, kangal shepherd dog — whatever you want to call it, this dog is a powerhouse, known for its impressive size and reputation as an impeccable herding and guard dog.
With its roots in Turkestan, the Kangal comes from an ancient lineage of mastiffs just like another huge dog Pakistani Mastiff AKA Bully Kuttaguarding livestock such as sheep against large predators. Could this giant be the perfect four-legged addition to your family? Once upon a time, farmers from the Kangal District of Sivas Province in Turkey faced a major dilemma. The constant impending danger their livestock faced from top-tier predators, such as wolves and bearswas reducing the numbers of their flocks.
They needed a hero, someone with immense strength, agility, and intelligence. But where could they find such a candidate to go up against, say, a monstrous hungry bear? Cross-breeding was not an issue in this region. Interestingly, Muslims are not permitted to keep animals in the house, so Kangal dogs are rarely found at home with families in Turkey. Instead, they stay out on the plains with the flocks.
This isolation helped Kangals retain a strong, pure bloodline, exemplified in their unwavering, cool disposition and streamlined appearance. The Kangal dog has long been heralded an icon of the Turks, treasured as the national dog. Its muscular body adorns Turkish stamps and coins, and breeding kennels are held in the highest esteem, maintaining immaculate pedigrees. The Kangal is truly a magnificent specimen, standing tall with a muscular build that has evolved over time to accommodate harsh climates and rough terrain.
It is indeed a giant dogbut not as large as other mastiff breeds. Years spent shepherding livestock across vast expanses of land have helped the Kangal to naturally finetune its agility and speed.KangaL Shepperd Dog food ranking fight
A wide head that is a bit lion-like is accompanied by velvety drop ears and the body is long with a curled tail. Coat: The Kangal sports a short, double coat of thick fur that is a sandy color, while its face sports black fur that resembles a mask.
Its ears are also tinged in black fur. Fun Fact: Kangal dogs can also sport cropped ears. This is done because some believe that cropping allows sound to travel into the ears easier, improving hearing. Keep in mind that ear cropping is quite controversialand is actually banned in the UK. Kangals were bred to be vigorous and attentive. With their knack for shepherding they are quite intelligentkeeping a watchful eye on approaching danger and learning about its surroundings quickly. As with most breeds, training is most beneficial when started from a young age and must be kept up going into their adult lives.
When it comes to human interaction, Kangals are known to be friendly and gentleincluding around children. From years spent traversing the wilderness of rural Turkey without human guidance as it guards the flocks, the Kangal dog has developed a strong sense of independence. If you have to run out for groceries or want to grab a coffee, this breed does well on its own.
A hardy dog, the Kangals lifespan numbers 12 to 15 years. Just be sure to provide this dog with the physical and mental stimulation it needs.
Strength is what this breed is known for, and remains a hot topic among canine enthusiasts. The Kangal bite force is said to be the strongest of all dog breeds. Their bite has been measured at PSI! In Turkey, farmers cherish the Kangal and its ability to protect livestock from wolves.
From the time they are puppies, training begins with a wolf pelt to smell, in order to become familiar with their future nemesis. The spiked collar is much needed, as a wolf harnesses a bite force of around PSI.
It is said that a large wolf can bite down with 1, PSI if protecting itself.The rugged Anatolian Shepherd is not inclined to play fetch or Frisbee, nor should you expect animated responsiveness. Developed strictly for utilitarian purposes, as a guardian of livestock, the Anatolian Shepherd is typically serious and dignified, calm and quiet — unless challenged by an intruder animal or human.
Livestock guardians bond with flock animals such as sheep with fierce possessiveness. They make their own decisions about who is a friend and who is a foe, what is a threat and what is not, and they react to every situation as they see fit. Potential owners who don't have the experience to control these powerful instincts should look for another breed. Anatolian Shepherds are not casual pets. They are dominant, self-reliant dogs who will try to manage everyone and everything unless you are an assertive leader who knows how to instill respect.
This breed requires a formal introduction to strangers before being touched by them, and he will remain vigilant every moment they are on his territory.
He is patient with his own children and with submissive family pets. But he should not be expected to welcome those from outside his family. Despite his bulk, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is remarkably agile and reactive.
He needs a spacious yard with a six-foot-high fence that is extremely secure. Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding.
Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are most satisfied when guarding livestock. You can substitute pulling a cart or sled, or advanced obedience, or tracking, or a similar canine activity.
But if you simply want a casual pet for your family, I do not recommend this breed. Anatolians were never intended to be simply household pets. To keep your Anatolian Shepherd in, and to keep strangers and other animals out, fences should be high, with wire sunk into the ground along the fence line to thwart digging.
Gates should have the highest quality locks. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs. Dog training videos.They have a rock-solid, stable temperament. They are quiet and calm, devoted, controlled and trustworthy. They are brave and protective without undue aggression. Temperament is of prime importance in Turkish villages: viciousness or aggression with people or livestock is never tolerated.
Kangals are working dogs, watchful, territorial and highly reliable. Naturally, as guardians they tend to be dog-aggressive. They do well with pets and livestock if introduced to them at an early age. They are gentle with children and tolerant of neighbors, visitors, or workers. Some owners report that females tend to be more affectionate than males. Kangal dogs are quite independent. They tend not to play games. A mature, confident LGD is rarely out of sight or hearing of his flock.
At the first sight of danger, his herd runs toward him for safety. They are working and they love their job. They can not bounce around from pasture to pasture. They like order and consistency. Do not expect an LGD to be submissive and obedient. They are independent thinkers. They will decide how to handle a decision, take care of it, and fill you in later! They will not stop barking when you tell them to, they will not be a companion animal during the day and a paddock policeman by night.
Possessing a natural protective instinct, he is loyal, bold and courageous without showing undue aggression. Moreover the Kangal Dog is sensitive and his responses to individual situations clearly demonstrate his intelligence and sensitivity.
The breed is an ancient flock-guardian still working in Turkey today, and an essential characteristic is the protective tendency towards the flock.
The breed is dominant and males do not generally tolerate other males happily, particularly those of a dominant disposition. The breed is generally aloof until introduced to strangers. It is important that the best working traits are retained and preserved down the generations. If the working traits are lost, then an essential part of the dog has been lost, which it would be impossible to restore.
If the Kangal is to be used as a working dog with a flock it must be bonded with its flock at an early age. The young puppy should spend the majority of its time in the company of the animals he is intended to protect, starting as soon as possible.
The Kangal Dog makes an excellent companion but is by no means a lap dog. The Kangal is not suited to suburbia and small back gardens; they need space to work off their energy. It is vitally important, however, that the Kangal is socialized, regardless of whether it is to be a companion or working dog.The Kangal Dog is noted for his solid temperament. Temperament is of prime importance in Turkish villages today and in the past - aggression towards humans or stock is never tolerated.
Kangal Dogs are gentle with livestock, children, and pets. Compared with other livestock guard. They are often great judges of character and they will accept visitors or workmen at their home much more reliably than other livestock guard dog breeds. Owners describe them as gracious with welcomed visitors. People who own other livestock guard dog breeds and Kangal Dogs, describe their Kangals as the more intelligent and clever. Kangal Dogs hear or sense disturbances in the distance and bark in response.
They prefer to intimidate those who threaten their flock or family but they will attack animal intruders. At first, they will place themselves between the threat and their stock. If their warning barks are ignored, they will confront the predator with a roar and an attack if necessary.
An adult Kangal will throw their shoulder against a wolf to knock it down and then attack the throat and hind legs.
Kangal Shepherd Dog
Kangal owners see these same behaviors in play. Kangal Dogs will reliably guard against small predators as well — raccoons, opossums, and coyotes, as well as bir. Kangal Dogs grow up slowly, even compared to other livestock guard dog breeds.
They can be goofy and adorable as puppies but they are also famous as powerful chewers and diggers. They will also roam large distances if given the opportunity. Around two or two-and- a-half years of age, Kangal Dogs suddenly leave their puppyhood behind and become more serious, protective, and watchful. Although many Kangals who are raised with stock from puppy hood are reliable at a young age, others need your patience and supervision until they mature.
Kangal Dogs are territorial and they behave quite differently at home than when they are away from home. Like many livestock guard dogs, adult Kangal Dogs can be dog aggressive, especially to those dogs that violate their space or sense of self. They will kill small predators who invade the farm or pasture and this may include small pets who they do not know.
They often take a remote or high viewing spot to watch their stock although they will take regular patrols around their territory. Kangal Dogs tend to be calm and even placid during the day and more active at night, both patrolling and barking. The Kangal Dog is a large breed with heavy bone, projecting a powerful image.The Kangal is a breed of large livestock guardian dog originating from the Sivas province of Turkey. When you study the history of Kangal Dog s, you may not realize any documents concerning them.
There are many rumors concerning Kangal dogs; per one rumor, the dog was derived from lion and tiger throughout Assyrian and Babylonian periods and were petted so as to supply protection against wild animals and use in wars and were full-grown up with care, rather like any Anatolian Shepherd dog.
The Kangal Dog is an ancient flock-guarding breed, thought to be related to the early mastiff-type dogs depicted in Assyrian art. The Kangal sheepdog is thus regarded as a breed indigenous to Turkestan that was introduced to Anatolia by these Turkic migrants.
The first Kangals entered England in The first litter was born in The breed was called Anatolian Karrabash Shepherd Dog. Its mention of the Kangal Dog in European literature during the late s. It has been associated with the Age of Kangal, a large family of landholders and chieftains that use the dogs to guard flocks against large predators such as bears, jackals and wolves. In the US, the first purebred breeding programs for Kangal Dogs began in the early s. The Kangal Dog is not as heavy as some other Mastiff breeds, allowing it greater speed and agility than larger dogs.
Kangal Dog: Complete Breed Guide (Temperament, Lifespan and Facts)
The narrower head of a female gives the dog an elegant appearance. This Dog is a large but active breed. Height at the withers for males is between 75 and 85 cm while it is 65—75 cm for females. A male between 50 and 65 kg and a female between 40 and 55 kg are considered in a good working dog weight. Sivas Kangal Dogs are generally friendly with visitors and often get along very well with children. Substance: Serious Faults:. This breed is easily recognized by its massive head, dark muzzle and curled tail which is carried up and over the back.
The head is large and moderately wide with drop ears. A properly proportioned Kangal Dog is slightly longer. Should be rounded from all sides. Orbital arches are visible but are not overly pronounced.